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Neuron

Behavioral effects of cocaine mediated by nitric oxide-GAPDH transcriptional signaling.


PMID 23719162

Abstract

Cocaine's behavioral-stimulant effects derive from potentiation of synaptic signaling by dopamine and serotonin leading to transcriptional alterations in postsynaptic cells. We report that a signaling cascade involving nitric oxide (NO) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mediates cocaine's transcriptional and behavioral actions. Lower, behavioral-stimulant doses enhance the cAMP response element-binding (CREB) signaling system, while higher, neurotoxic doses stimulate the p53 cytotoxic system. The drug CGP3466B, which potently and selectively blocks GAPDH nitrosylation and GAPDH-Siah binding, prevents these actions as well as behavioral effects of cocaine providing a strategy for anticocaine therapy.

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