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Human & experimental toxicology

Peripheral zonal hepatic necrosis caused by accidental ingestion of methyl ethyl ketone peroxide.


PMID 2375889

Abstract

Fatal massive peripheral zonal hepatic necrosis developed in a 47-year-old man who accidentally ingested a solution of methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP) in dimethyl phthalate. Such solutions contain about 10% active oxygen. The clinical course was characterized by temporary cardiac arrest, abdominal burns, severe metabolic acidosis, rapid hepatic failure, rhabdomyolysis and respiratory insufficiency. A fatal outcome resulted 4 d afterwards from hepatic coma associated with blood coagulation disorders. Microscopical examination revealed massive periportal hepatic necrosis accompanied by atypical pseudoductular proliferation. The proliferating cells were probably of bile duct origin and exhibited atypia and mitoses. The pathogenetic mechanism may involve lipid peroxidation caused by free oxygen radicals derived from MEKP.