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Prikladnaia biokhimiia i mikrobiologiia

Inhibitory effect of components from Streptomyces species on alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amilase of different origin.


PMID 23795478

Abstract

The search for the effective and safe a-glucosidase and alpha-amylase inhibitors from Actinomycetaceae being antidiabetic agents is actual problem. Twenty one Streptomyces spp. of soil samples collected from different places of China were screened for the ability to produce this kind of inhibitory activities. Fermentation broth of isolated strains had absorbance between 350-190 nm. The Streptomyces strains PW003, ZG636, and ZG731 were characterized by special absorption at 280, 275, and 400 nm, respectively. Ten of the collected actinomycete strains had the ability to inhibit alpha-glucosidase or/and alpha-amylase and the fermentation broth of the same strain had inhibitory activity varied greatly depending on the enzyme source. In the process to screen the leading compounds used as antidiabetic agents, human alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amylase were revealed as the best used in trail compared with the same enzymes from other sources. Active alpha-glucosidase inhibitor was isolated from Streptomyces strain PW638 fermentation broth and identified as acarviostatin 103 by MS and N MR spectrometry. Its IC50 value was 1.25 and 12.23 microg/mL against human intestinal N-terminal maltase-glucoamylase and human pancreatic alpha-amylase, respectively.