Journal of biomedical nanotechnology

Gadolinium-loaded chitosan nanoparticles as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents for the diagnosis of tumor.

PMID 23802417


The aim of our study was to prepare gadolinium loaded chitosan nanoparticles (Gd-CSNPs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) were prepared by ionic gelation method with sodium tripolyphosphate. The Gd ions were conjugated to the surface of CSNPs through diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) using N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) to obtain Gd-CSNPs. The physicochemical properties of CSNPs and Gd-CSNPs were measured by transmission electron microscope, dynamic light scattering and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, respectively. The cell toxicity evaluation was performed in mouse B16 cells by MTT assay. The T1-weighed magnetic resonance images were measured by a 3.0 T Sigma scanner. The morphologies of the CSNPs and Gd-CSNPs were spherical or ellipsoidal in shape. The mean sizes of the CSNPs and Gd-CSNPs were 110.9 +/- 6.8 nm and 153.0 +/- 7.5 nm, respectively. The zeta potentials of the CSNPs and Gd-CSNPs were 22.30 +/- 0.77 mV and 13.91 +/- 4.26 mV, respectively. The relaxation rates of Gd-CSNPs and Magnevist were 7.509 mM(-1) x s(-1) and 3.052 mM(-1) x s(-1), respectively. The Gd-CSNPs exhibited high T1 relaxivity and no obvious cytotoxicity was observed under the experimental concentrations in mouse B16 melanoma cells. These results indicated that the Gd-CSNPs had great potential as MRI contrast agents for the early diagnosis of tumor.