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Neuroprotective effect of Danshensu derivatives as anti-ischaemia agents on SH-SY5Y cells and rat brain.


PMID 23869993

Abstract

Novel Danshensu derivatives (3-8) were designed and synthesized to improve bioactivity based on the strategy of 'medicinal chemical hybridization'. Our previous studies indicated that these compounds exhibited noticeable cardioprotective activities. Here, we investigate whether these novel Danshensu derivatives exert neuroprotective activities. An in vitro study revealed that these compounds could increase cell viability and reduce LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) leakage. Moreover, Danshensu-cysteine derivative compounds 6 and 8 could significantly inhibit lipid peroxidation of cell membrane and regulate the expression of apoptosis-related protein (Bcl-2, Bax and caspase 3). An in vivo study demonstrated that treatment with compound 6 at 30 mg/kg markedly decreased the infarct volume of MCAO (middle cerebral artery occlusion) insulted rat brain. Furthermore, treatment with compound 6 showed the antioxidant capacity by increasing the activity of SOD (superoxide dismutase) and GPx (glutathione peroxidase) and decreasing the level of MDA (malondialdehyde) and the ROS (reactive oxygen species) production significantly. These results suggested that these novel conjugates exert significant neuroprotective effects as anti-ischaemia agents and those with high potential merit further investigation.

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SML0679
Danshensu sodium salt, ≥98% (HPLC)
C9H9O5 · Na