Gynecologic oncology

Pioglitazone does not affect the risk of ovarian cancer: analysis of a nationwide reimbursement database in Taiwan.

PMID 23877016


The association between pioglitazone and ovarian cancer has not been studied. The reimbursement databases of all Taiwanese patients with a diagnosis of diabetes and under oral anti-diabetic agents or insulin from 1996 to 2009 were retrieved from the National Health Insurance. An entry date was set at 1 January 2006 and a total of 546,632 female patients with type 2 diabetes were followed up for ovarian cancer incidence until the end of 2009. Incidences for ever-users, never-users and subgroups of pioglitazone exposure [using cutoffs of the Kaiser Permanente Northern California study and tertile cutoffs derived from the databases] were calculated and the hazard ratios were estimated by Cox regression in unadjusted, age-adjusted and fully adjusted models. There were 30,783 ever-users and 515,849 never-users, with respective numbers of incident ovarian cancer of 49 (0.16%) and 946 (0.18%), and respective incidence of 43.08 and 51.47 per 100,000 person-years. The overall hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) in unadjusted, age-adjusted and fully adjusted models were 0.822 (0.616-1.095), 0.823 (0.617-1.097) and 0.968 (0.718-1.305), respectively. In the dose-response analyses, none of the categories showed a significant hazard ratio, and all P-trends were >0.05 without statistical significance. This study does not support a positive or negative association between pioglitazone use and ovarian cancer in female patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Pioglitazone hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC)
C19H20N2O3S · HCl