Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications

In vitro and in vivo evaluation of SU-8 biocompatibility.

PMID 23910365


SU-8 negative photoresist is a high tensile strength polymer that has been used for a number of biomedical applications that include cell encapsulation and neuronal probes. Chemically, SU-8 comprises, among other components, an epoxy based monomer and antimony salts, the latter being a potential source of cytotoxicity. We report on the in vitro and in vivo evaluation of SU-8 biocompatibility based on leachates from various solvents, at varying temperatures and pH, and upon subcutaneous implantation of SU-8 substrates in mice. MTT cell viability assay did not exhibit any cytotoxic effects from the leachates. The hemolytic activity of SU-8 is comparable to that of FDA approved implant materials such as silicone elastomer, Buna-S and medical steel. In vivo histocompatibility study in mice indicates a muted immune response to subcutaneous SU-8 implants.