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Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)

The effects of surfactants and solution chemistry on the transport of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in quartz sand-packed columns.


PMID 23948360

Abstract

The effect of different surfactants on the transport of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in quartz sand-packed columns was firstly investigated under various conditions. The stable plateau values (C(max)) of the breakthrough curves (BTCs), critical PVs (the number of pore volumes of infusions needed to reach the C(max)), maximum transport distances (L(max)), deposition rate coefficients (kd) and retention rates were calculated to compare the transport and retention of MWCNTs under various conditions. Stability of the MWCNT suspensions as a function of the influencing factors was examined to reveal the underlying mechanism of the MWCNT retention. Results showed that MWCNTs suspended by different surfactants presented different BTCs; the MWCNT transport increased with increasing sand size and MWCNT concentration; high flow velocity was favorable for the MWCNT transport, while high Ca(2+) concentration and low pH were unfavorable for the transport; hetero-aggregation, straining and site blocking occurred during the transport.