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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Vinyl sulfone-based peptidomimetics as anti-trypanosomal agents: design, synthesis, biological and computational evaluation.


PMID 23952916

Abstract

A series of vinyl sulfone-containing peptidomimetics were rationally designed, synthesized, and evaluated against Trypanosoma brucei brucei . These electrophilic compounds are likely to exert their antitrypanosomal activity via inhibition of trypanosomal cysteine proteases, TbCatB and rhodesain, through alkylation of a key cysteine residue within the protease active site. The series was designed to present complementary groups to naturally recognized peptide substrates while probing tolerance to a range of substitutions at the P1, P1', and P2 positions. The most potent compound, 29 (EC50 = 70 nM, T. b. brucei whole cell assay), displayed minimal toxicity (>785 times selectivity) when assayed for cytotoxicity against the human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cell line. Cells treated with compound 29, as with K777 (2), exhibited an increase in both the number of multinucleated cells and cells with swollen flagellar pockets. Computational analysis revealed a strong correlation between the hypothetical binding mode in TbCatB/rhodesain and trypanocidal activity in vitro.

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V3700
Divinyl sulfone, contains ≤500 ppm hydroquinone as inhibitor, 97%
C4H6O2S