[An association of the 825 polymorphism of the g protein 3 subunit with obesity in Kyrgyz population].

PMID 23952954


To study an association of G protein (GP) 3 subunit 825 polymorphism with obesity in native Kyrgyzes. 210 persons: 89 patients (female - 35, male - 54) with obesity (body mass index [BMI] more or equal 30 kg/m2) and 121 apparently healthy controls (38 female, 83 male) with normal BMI. Arterial blood pressure, anthropometric measurement and laboratory tests for blood glucose and lipid parameters were performed in all examined persons. DNA was extracted from blood cells and GP3 subunit 825 polymorphism was determined by PCR method. groups with TT and CT genotypes were combined together because of the rare frequency of TT genotype. Prevalence of + genotypes in group with obesity (0.72) was significantly higher than in controls - 0.52 (odds ratio 2.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.31-4.23; =0.004). Arterial hypertension (45 vs. 31.3%; =0,049) and obesity (51.2 vs. 30%; p<0.01) occurred more often in + genotypes carriers compared with CC homozygotes. A logistic regression model for obesity showed significant effect of 825T allele (relative risk [RR] 2.89, 95% CI 1.25-6.7; =0.013) and irregular intake of vegetables (RR 3.47, 95% CI 1.52-7.94; =0.003) as predictors of obesity development independent of age, sex and physical activity level. In the regression model for arterial hypertension the 825T allele lost its significance after adjustment for obesity. GP3 subunit 825 allele in native Kyrgyzes is associated with obesity.