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Organic letters

Total synthesis and detection of the bilirubin oxidation product (Z)-2-(3-ethenyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ylidene)ethanamide (Z-BOX A).


PMID 23980716

Abstract

The selective total synthesis of the pure Z-isomer of BOX A (8a), a product of oxidative heme degradation with significant physiological impact, was achieved in four to six steps starting from 3-bromo-4-methylfuran-2,5-dione (1). Z-BOX A forms a strong hydrogen bridge framework in the crystalline state. LC-MS techniques allow identification and characterization of isomeric forms of BOX A.