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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Oxidative stress potentially enhances FcεRI-mediated leukotriene C4 release dependent on the late-phase increase of intracellular glutathione in mast cells.


PMID 23998930

Abstract

Cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs), which include leukotriene C4 (LTC4), are the predominant class of LTs synthesized by mast cells. CysLTs can induce many of the abnormalities seen in asthma. LTC4 is generated by the conjugation of LTA4 with reduced glutathione (GSH) by LTC4 synthase. During screening of the effects of prostanoids on high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI)-mediated LTC4 release from mast cells, we realized that some prostanoids, including ONO-AE1-259-01 and ONO-AE-248, inhibited LTC4 release, which was associated with a decrease in the amount of intracellular total GSH. We ascertained that l-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO), a selective inhibitor of glutamate-cysteine ligase, inhibited LTC4 release. In addition, cell-permeable GSH, the glutathione reduced form ethyl ester (GSH-OEt), enhanced LTC4 release in accordance with the change in intracellular total GSH. Depletion of intracellular total GSH induced by ONO-AE-248 or BSO enhanced FcεRI-mediated LTB4 release in contrast to LTC4. Oxidative stress contributes to many pathological conditions including asthma. GSH is a major soluble antioxidant and a cofactor for several detoxifying enzymes including GSH peroxidase. Exposure of mast cells to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or diamide to mimic oxidative stress unexpectedly increased rather than decreased the intracellular reduced GSH content as well as total GSH in the late phase (i.e., 24 or 48 h after exposure), which was accompanied by an increase in LTC4 release. In conclusion, FcεRI-mediated LTC4 release from mast cells is mainly regulated by the amount of intracellular GSH. In some cases, oxidative stress may induce a late-phase increase in intracellular GSH, resulting in enhanced LTC4 release from mast cells.