EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Chirality

Chemical synthesis, absolute configuration, and stereochemistry of formation of 10-hydroxywarfarin: a major oxidative metabolite of (+)-(R)-warfarin from hepatic microsomal preparations.


PMID 2400642

Abstract

The synthesis of a diastereomerically pure 10-hydroxywarfarin [4-hydroxy-3-(2-hydroxy-3-oxo-1-phenylbutyl)-2H-1 benzopyran-2-one] was accomplished in three steps from racemic warfarin. The relative configuration of the synthetic product was established by conversion to a cyclic derivative followed by NMR and X-ray diffraction analysis. Absolute stereochemistry was determined by enzymatic conversion of either of the pure enantiomers of warfarin to a 10-hydroxy metabolite of known relative configuration. Metabolic formation of 10-hydroxywarfarin was studied using hepatic microsomal preparations from female rats and man. The formation of 10-hydroxywarfarin catalyzed by hepatic microsomes from both dexamethasone-treated rats and man was highly stereoselective [(R)/(S): 3.4-9.0] for (R)-warfarin. In contrast, little stereoselectivity was observed in reactions catalyzed by untreated rat liver microsomes. The resultant stereochemistry at the site of oxidation was also found to be highly dependent on substrate stereochemistry. (R)-Warfarin gave (9R;10S)-10-hydroxywarfarin with only a trace of the (9R;10R) isomer irrespective of which enzyme preparation was used for catalysis, while (S)-warfarin gave (9S;10R)-10-hydroxywarfarin with only a trace of the (9S;10S) isomer, again irrespective of which enzyme preparation was used for catalysis.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

UC223
10-Hydroxywarfarin
C19H16O5