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Anticancer research

Brentuximab vedotin: first-line agent for advanced Hodgkin lymphoma.


PMID 24023323

Abstract

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is characterized by malignant Reed-Sternberg cells which express CD30. Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for patients with advanced HL (stage III/IV disease) recommend adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD), or escalated bleomycin, etoposide, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (BEACOPP) as first-line regimens. ABVD appears to be as effective, with fewer side effects, as escalated BEACOPP. Escalated BEACOPP leads to a greater progression-free survival but no difference in overall survival. Recent advancements in technology have enabled an exciting shift to molecular-targeted cancer therapy. Brentuximab vedotin, a CD30-directed antibody conjugate, specifically targets malignant HL cells. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and refractory HL that has progressed after autologous stem cell transplant, or after two prior multiagent chemotherapy regimens among patients ineligible to receive a transplant.