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Photochemical & photobiological sciences : Official journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology

Asymmetric photoreaction of a diarylethene in hydrogen-bonded cocrystals with chiral molecules.


PMID 24057003

Abstract

A photochromic diarylethene having 2-methyl-4-pyridyl groups formed chiral cocrystals with (R)- or (S)-1,1'-bi-2-naphthol (BINOL). X-ray crystal structure analysis revealed that the diarylethene forms O-H···N type hydrogen bonds with BINOL and the central hexatriene moiety is fixed in P- or M-helix conformation in the cocrystals. The diarylethene molecules underwent reversible cyclization reactions in the single-component crystal as well as in the cocrystals upon alternate irradiation with ultraviolet (UV) and visible light. In the chiral cocrystals, a highly enantioselective photocyclization reaction took place owing to the conformational confinement.