EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Heart and vessels

Plasma urokinase antigen and C-reactive protein predict angina recurrence after coronary angioplasty.


PMID 24057344

Abstract

This study evaluates the predictive value of several biochemical indices of the coagulation-fibrinolysis system, platelet function, and inflammatory state for angina recurrence after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). We measured preprocedural and follow-up plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and urokinase plasminogen activator antigen (uPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity, tissue plasminogen activator activity, and adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation in 53 patients with chronic stable angina who underwent successful elective PTCA of single hemodynamically significant lesions in coronary arteries. All patients were followed up for 12 months after PTCA. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the association of variables with angina recurrence rate. At the end of the follow-up, 16 patients had angina recurrence. Among 36 clinical, biochemical, and angiographic variables, the duration of stable angina more than 12 months before PTCA (χ (2) = 5.73; P = 0.02, hazard ratio (HR) 3.7, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.26-10.6), high baseline levels of CRP (>7 mg/l) (χ (2) = 8.34; P = 0.004, HR 2.9, 95 % CI 1.4-5.9), uPA antigen baseline (>1 ng/ml) (χ (2) = 17.11; P = 0.0001, HR 11.5, 95 % CI 3.6-36.7) and 48 h after PTCA (χ (2) = 15.73; P = 0.0001, HR 8.8, 95 % CI 3.01-25.96), baseline PAI-1 activity (>18 IU/ml) (χ (2) = 9.37; P = 0.002, HR 7.6, 95 % CI 2.07-27.84) were significant predictors of recurrent angina by univariate analyses. According to stepwise multivariate analyses, only the levels of plasma uPA antigen and serum CRP were shown to be significant independent predictors of angina recurrence (multivariate uPA χ (2) = 8.22, P = 0.004, HR 6.2, 95 % CI 1.78-21.67; CRP χ (2) = 4.09, P = 0.04, HR 1.9, 95 % CI 1.02-3.68). High preprocedural plasma uPA and serum CRP levels are indicative of angina recurrence after successful PTCA, and are valuable for the prognosis of restenosis.