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Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology

Cisplatin: process and future.


PMID 24065465

Abstract

One of the most important anticancer agents is cisplatin (CDDP). Numerous studies with a CDDP-based combination have been reported over the last 30 years. The use of CDDP in the 1980s and 1990s showed responses in advanced stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Over the years it was found that the side effects of this agent (particularly nephrotoxicity) were a common problem. Agents such as carboplatin, taxanes, gemcitabine, irinotecan and pemetrexed proved to be effective in NSCLC with reduced or no nephrotoxicity. The administration of these newer agents improved several side effects, but without improving efficacy. When prophylactic (adjuvant) treatment for NSCLC was introduced, CDDP was the agent selected, which indicated the value of the drug. Recently, a novel formulation of CDDP, liposomal cisplatin, which has shown very low toxicity, no nephrotoxicity and equal effectiveness was produced; its importance is its higher effectiveness than standard CDDP in lung adenocarcinoma.