Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society

Dilated cardiomyopathy-associated FHOD3 variant impairs the ability to induce activation of transcription factor serum response factor.

PMID 24088304


Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by a dilated left ventricular cavity with systolic dysfunction manifested by heart failure. It has been revealed that mutations in genes for cytoskeleton or sarcomere proteins cause DCM. However, the disease-causing mutations can be found only in far less than half of patients with a family history, indicating that there should be other disease genes for DCM. Formin homology 2 domain containing 3 (FHOD3) is a sarcomeric protein expressed in the heart that plays an essential role in sarcomere organization during myofibrillogenesis. The purpose of this study was to explore a possible novel disease gene for DCM. We analyzed 48 Japanese familial DCM patients for mutations in FHOD3, and a missense variant, Tyr1249Asn, which was predicted to modify the 3D structure and damage protein function, was found in a case with adult-onset DCM. Functional studies revealed that the DCM-associated mutation significantly reduced the ability to induce actin dynamics-dependent activation of serum response factor, although no remarkable change in the cellular localization was induced in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes transfected with a mutant construct of FHOD3. The DCM-associated FHOD3 variant may cause DCM by interfering with actin filament assembly.