American journal of clinical pathology

Elevated factor IX activity is associated with an increased odds ratio for both arterial and venous thrombotic events.

PMID 24124147


Elevations of factor IX (FIX) are thought to contribute to thrombotic risk, but this has not been well characterized. We retrospectively sought to determine whether elevated FIX levels are a risk factor for thrombosis in 81 adult subjects younger than 65 years (mean, 47 years) who were referred for evaluation of a hypercoagulable state. Patients were classified by arterial transient ischemic attack/stroke (TIA/stroke, n = 62) or venous thromboembolism (VTE, n = 19) events. FIX activity testing was performed on all 81 subjects and a reference group of 40 healthy individuals. Thirteen (21%) of 62 subjects with TIA/stroke and 5 (26%) of 19 subjects with VTE had elevated FIX activity. Odds ratios for TIA/stroke and VTE in subjects with elevated FIX activity were 3.7 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76-17.65) and 6.8 (95% CI, 1.18-39.07), respectively. Our findings suggest an association between elevated FIX levels and both arterial and venous thrombotic events.

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F0806 Factor IX human, aqueous glycerol solution, ≥145 units/mg protein