The protein journal

Characterization of a cold-active β-glucosidase from Paenibacillus xylanilyticus KJ-03 capable of hydrolyzing isoflavones daidzin and genistin.

PMID 24141566


Paenibacillus xylanilyticus KJ-03 isolated from konjac field, showed β-glucosidase activity on tryptic soy agar plate supplemented with 0.1 % esculin and 0.25 % ferric ammonium citrate. A genome library was constructed to obtain the β-glucosidase gene and a recombinant clone, pGlc2-3 was selected. The 2,247 bp gene encoding KJ-03 β-glucosidase consisted of 749 amino acids. The deduced amino acids of BglA were 61 % homologous with that of the β-glucosidase from Bacillus cereus AH1272, which belongs to the glycoside hydrolase family 3. His-tagged β-glucosidase was purified by using His-Trap column and characterized. KJ-03 β-glucosidase was showed as a single band with about 82 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The purified enzyme has optimal activity at 20 °C and pH 7.0 using p-NPβG and 72 % of the maximal activity was still remaining at 10 °C. The β-glucosidase has optimal activity at low temperatures indicating that it is a cold-active enzyme. The substrate specificity showed that the purified enzyme hydrolyzed aryl β-glucoside substrates and isoflavones such as daidzin and genistin.