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Magyar sebeszet

[Examination of cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effect of PACAP-38 on small bowel autotransplantation].


PMID 24144817

Abstract

The small intestine is one of the most sensitive organs to ischemia-reperfusion injury during transplantation. Cytoprotective effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is well known. The aim of our study was to measure changes of PACAP-38-like immunoreactivities and cytokine levels in intestinal grafts stored PACAP-38 containing preservation solution. Small-bowel autotransplantation was performed on male Wistar rats (n = 56). Grafts were stored in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution at 4 °C for 1 (GI), 3 (GII), and 6 hours (GIII); and in PACAP-38 containing UW solution for 1 (GIV), 3 (GV), and 6 hours (GVI). Reperfusion lasted 3 hours in each group. Intestinal PACAP-38 immunoreactivities were measured by radioimmunoassay. To measure cytokine from tissue homogenates we used rat cytokine array and Luminex Multiplex Immunoassay. Levels of PACAP-38-like and PACAP-27-like immunoreactivities decreased by preservation time compared to control. This decrease was significant following 6 hours cold storage (p < 0.05). Values remained significantly higher in grafts stored in PACAP-38 containing UW. Expressions of sICAM-1, L-selectin, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 were increased in GIII and were decreased in GVI. PACAP-38 increased tissue levels of PACAP-38 and PACAP-27, and decreased cytokine expression. This indicates that PACAP-38 has anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects in intestinal autotransplantation model.