International journal of cancer

The natural anticancer compound rocaglamide selectively inhibits the G1-S-phase transition in cancer cells through the ATM/ATR-mediated Chk1/2 cell cycle checkpoints.

PMID 24150948


Targeting the cancer cell cycle machinery is an important strategy for cancer treatment. Cdc25A is an essential regulator of cycle progression and checkpoint response. Over-expression of Cdc25A occurs often in human cancers. In this study, we show that Rocaglamide-A (Roc-A), a natural anticancer compound isolated from the medicinal plant Aglaia, induces a rapid phosphorylation of Cdc25A and its subsequent degradation and, thereby, blocks cell cycle progression of tumor cells at the G1-S phase. Roc-A has previously been shown to inhibit tumor proliferation by blocking protein synthesis. In this study, we demonstrate that besides the translation inhibition Roc-A can induce a rapid degradation of Cdc25A by activation of the ATM/ATR-Chk1/Chk2 checkpoint pathway. However, Roc-A has no influence on cell cycle progression in proliferating normal T lymphocytes. Investigation of the molecular basis of tumor selectivity of Roc-A by a time-resolved microarray analysis of leukemic vs. proliferating normal T lymphocytes revealed that Roc-A activates different sets of genes in tumor cells compared with normal cells. In particular, Roc-A selectively stimulates a set of genes responsive to DNA replication stress in leukemic but not in normal T lymphocytes. These findings further support the development of Rocaglamide for antitumor therapy.

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SML0656 Rocaglamide, ≥96% (HPLC)