Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry

Pharmacokinetic evaluation of C-3 modified 1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxamide derivatives with potent anticancer activity: lead finding.

PMID 24156741


To develop naphthyridine derivatives as anticancer candidates, pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluations of 10 novel derivatives of 1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-1-proparagyl-1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxamide, with potent anticancer activity were done using in vitro ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion) and pharmacokinetic--pharmcodynamic (PK/PD) assays. Only derivatives 5, 6, 9 and 10 showed better metabolic stability, solubility, permeability, partition coefficient and cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibition values. PK of derivatives 5, 6, 9 and 10 in rat showed comparable PK profile for derivative 5 (C0 = 6.98 µg/mL) and 6 (C0 = 6.61 µg/mL) with no detectable plasma levels for derivatives 9 and 10 at 5.0 mg/kg i.v. dose. PK/PD assay of derivatives 5 and 6 in tumor-bearing mice (TBM) showed comparable PK but tumor plasma index (TPI) of derivative 6 (4.02) was better than derivative 5 (2.50), suggesting better tumor uptake of derivative 6. Derivative 6, as lead compound, showed highest tumor growth inhibition (TGI) value of 33.6% in human ovary cancer xenograft model.