Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae

[Effects of icariin and genistein on peak bone mass in rats].

PMID 24183044


To compare the effects of icariin (ICA) and genistein (GEN) on rats bone peak mass and thus screen for a drug that can more effectively prevent osteoporosis. Totally 36 one-month SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: ICA group [25 mg/(kg·d), intragastric administration], GEN group [10 mg/(kg·d), intragastric administration], and control group (fed with equal volume of distilled water). The body weight was monitored weekly and the bone mineral density of total body was measured monthly. All rats were sacrificed three months later. The femoral bone mineral density and the serum levels of osteocalcin and anti-tartaric acid phosphatase 5b, N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen, and C-terminal propeptide of type 1collagen were measured. The bone microarchitectures were analyzed with micro-CT and the bone biomechanics properties were tested with universal material machine. The body weight and organ index showed no significant difference among these three groups(P>0.05). No obvious pathological change was found. The bone mineral density was also not significantly different in the first and second months; however, in the third months, the ICA group had significant higher bone mineral density for both total body and femur than those in the control and GEN group (P<0.05). The same trends were found for both femur bone mineral density and whole-body bone mineral density (P<0.05). The ICA group also had significantly higher serum levels of osteocalcin (P<0.05) and lower level of anti-tartaric acid phosphatase 5b(P<0.05). Besides, rats in the ICA group had significantly larger bone volume/tissue volume, trabecular thickness, and trabecular number than the control group, whereas the trabecular spacing and model coefficients were signicantly lower(all P<0.05), which, however, were not significantly different between ICA group and GEN group (P>0.05). Femoral maximum load, Youg's modulus, and yield load were significantly higher in these two groups than in the control group (P<0.05), which, again, were not significantly different between ICA group and GEN group (P>0.05). Orally administered ICA is more efficient than GEN in inhibiting resorption and promoting bone formation, and thus can dramatically improve the peak bone mineral density and bone quality.

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Icariin, ≥94% (HPLC)