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Journal of vascular research

NO-dependent endothelial dysfunction in type II diabetes is aggravated by dyslipidemia and hypertension, but can be restored by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and weight loss.


PMID 24192582

Abstract

Insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension are independent mediators of endothelial dysfunction. It is incompletely defined whether dyslipidemia and hypertension in addition to diabetes mellitus type II (DMII), as seen in the metabolic syndrome (MS), worsen diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction. Furthermore, it is unclear whether treatment influences endothelial dysfunction similarly in MS and DMII. Therefore, we studied vascular reactivity and the effect of in vivo treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACE-I) or hypocaloric diet in LDL receptor- and leptin-deficient (ob/ob), double knockout mice (DKO), featuring MS and in ob/ob mice with DMII. Vascular reactivity was studied in isolated aortic ring segments. Maximum vasorelaxant response to acetylcholine (Ach) was more depressed in DKO than in ob/ob mice, whereas response to bradykinin (BK) was equally attenuated in both genotypes (52 ± 3 and 23 ± 9% reversal of preconstriction induced by 10(-7) M phenylephrine in DKO vs. 76 ± 3 and 23 ± 8% reversal of preconstriction in ob/ob mice, respectively). ACE-I and hypocaloric diet improved ACh-induced vasorelaxation significantly (89 ± 2 and 59 ± 2% reversal of preconstriction in DKO vs. 80 ± 3 and 84 ± 4% in ob/ob mice, respectively), but not the response to BK. These results indicate a differential impact of DMII and MS on endothelial function. ACE-I and hypocaloric diet improved ACh-, but not BK-induced vasorelaxation in these mouse models of DMII and MS.