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Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry

Treatment outcomes of myopic anisometropia with 1% atropine: a pilot study.


PMID 24212187

Abstract

To investigate the safety and efficacy of the treatment of myopic anisometropia with 1% atropine. Twenty-two children with myopic anisometropia were prescribed 1% solution of atropine sulfate to the more myopic eye, one drop before sleep every 3 days. Children were visited every 3 to 4 months until the degree of anisometropia was no more than 0.5 diopters (D) ("Success") or unchanged after 9 months of treatment ("No effect"). The treatment effect was assessed by comparing the interocular imbalance in refraction and axial length before and after the treatment. A detailed questionnaire about subjective symptoms in each visit and an electroretinogram in the end were administered to evaluate the side effects of this treatment. The subjects were followed for 7 to 16 months. Six subjects withdrew participation on their own accord, and three were excluded because of inconstant usage of drug. Of the 13 remaining subjects, the refraction of the treated eyes decreased by 0.63 ± 0.59 D (p = 0.007), whereas that of the untreated eyes increased by -0.72 ± 0.65 D (p < 0.001). A corresponding trend was also found in the change of the axial length. Accordingly, the level of anisometropia was reduced from 1.82 ± 0.73 D to 0.47 ± 0.65 D (p < 0.001) and 10 (76.9%) of the 13 subjects were designated a "Success." One percent atropine was well tolerated by the children, and no electroretinogram abnormality was detected. The results from this pilot study indicate that monocular usage of a solution of 1% atropine sulfate is an effective treatment to reduce anisometropia, although with some tolerable side effects. Nevertheless, an attenuated benefit was observed after cessation of atropine treatment. Thus, participants should be informed of a possible rebound effect before the administration of atropine for myopic anisometropia.