Annals of hematology

Differential humoral responses against heat-shock proteins after autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma.

PMID 24218189


Heat-shock proteins (HSP) are important molecules in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM). Their blockages by drugs or cellular immune response have been investigated, and a possible association with the presence of oligoclonal bands (OB) has been postulated in patients with MM after allogenic stem cell transplantation. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the serum antibody levels against three HSP (60, 70 and 90) by ELISA in patients with MM in complete remission after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), with or without OB, and compare them with those patients with stable gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and healthy controls. Our results in samples after ASCT showed no differential levels of anti-HSP according to the presence or absence of the oligoclonal response. However, higher levels of anti-HSP90 were found in patients with stable MGUS in comparison with MM patients (p = 0.004). In the same line, a longer progression-free survival was observed in those patients who presented higher anti-HSP90 levels after ASCT (p = 0.042). These results suggest, for first time, the potential of anti-HSP90 humoral immune response for long-term control of malignant plasma cell disorders.