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Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology

Study of nanocrystalline silicon films synthesized Below 100 degrees C by catalytic chemical vapor deposition.


PMID 24245284

Abstract

Nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si) films were synthesized by catalytic chemical vapor deposition at a low substrate temperature (100 degrees C) for use as an active layer in bottom-gate thin-film transistors. The hydrogen-dilution technique was employed to increase the crystalline volume fraction of the synthesized films. The incubation layer thickness was estimated to be 5.1 nm for a hydrogen-dilution ratio, R(H) (= [H2]/[SiH4]), of 54. When R(H) was increased from 64 to 74, the deposition rate decreased from 20 to 0.5 nm/min. In order to achieve a high deposition rate and high crystallinity near the interface region, we modulated R(H) through the film thickness. We also fabricated metal-insulator-semiconductor-insulator-semiconductor diodes from multilayer structures consisting of an nc-Si layer sandwiched between two silicon nitride layers. By analyzing the capacitance-voltage characteristics of these diodes, we found that the hysteresis and rectifying behavior of these diodes were affected by the the nc-Si layer thickness.