Importance of C/EBPβ binding and histone acetylation status in the promoter regions for induction of IGFBP-1, PRL, and Mn-SOD by cAMP in human endometrial stromal cells.

PMID 24248464


Dynamic changes of gene expressions occur in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) during decidualization. CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteinβ (C/EBPβ) regulates the expression of a number of decidualization-related genes. In addition to transcription factors, it is important to know the role of epigenetic mechanisms, such as histone modifications in the regulation of decidualization-related genes. This study investigated the molecular and epigenetic mechanisms by which cAMP up-regulates the expression of IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), prolactin (PRL), and manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in ESC. ESCs isolated from proliferative phase endometrium were incubated with cAMP to induce decidualization. IGFBP-1, PRL, and Mn-SOD mRNA expressions were determined by real-time RT-PCR. The C/EBPβ binding and histone modification status (acetylation of histone-H3 lysine-27 [H3K27ac]) in the promoter were examined by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Knockdowns of C/EBPβ were performed using the small interfering RNA method. cAMP induced mRNA expressions of IGFBP-1 and PRL accompanied by the increases in both C/EBPβ binding activities and H3K27ac levels in the promoters. The stimulatory effects of cAMP on mRNA levels and H3K27ac levels were completely abolished by C/EBPβ knockdown. cAMP increased Mn-SOD mRNA levels and C/EBPβ binding activities in the enhancer region. C/EBPβ knockdown inhibited Mn-SOD mRNA levels. The H3K27ac levels in the enhancer were high before cAMP stimulus but were not further increased by cAMP and were not inhibited by C/EBPβ knockdown. These results show that C/EBPβ regulates the expression of IGFBP-1 and PRL by altering the histone acetylation status of their promoters but differently regulates Mn-SOD gene expression in human ESC during decidualization.