European journal of paediatric dentistry : official journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

Effect of caries removal techniques on the bond strength of adhesives to caries-affected primary dentin in vitro.

PMID 24295006


The aim of this in vitro study is to evaluate the effects of three different caries removal techniques on the microtensile bond strength of adhesive materials to caries-affected dentin. Thirty primary molar teeth were used. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups according to the caries removal technique employed: conventional steel bur (group 1); Er:YAG laser (group 2); chemomechanical method (group 3). Each group was divided into two subgroups according to bonding agents: one-step self-etch adhesive and etch-and-rinse adhesive. The teeth were restored with composite resin. Vertical sticks were obtained and subjected to tensile stress. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey's test and an independent samples t-test. The values for the laser groups were significantly lower than those of the bur groups for both bonding agents (p<0.05). There were no significant differences between the bur and chemomechanical groups (p > 0.05). Bur and chemomechanical techniques in primary teeth were found more successful. Similar results were found according to the adhesives used for each caries removal techniques.