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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Scd1 mammary-specific vector constructed and overexpressed in goat fibroblast cells resulting in an increase of palmitoleic acid and oleic acid.


PMID 24309099

Abstract

Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (Scd1) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids. Overexpression of Scd1 in transgenic animals would modify the nutritional value of ruminant-derived foods by increasing the monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and decreasing the saturated fatty acid (SFA) content. The aim of this study was to develop an effective Scd1 vector that is specifically expressed in dairy goat mammary glands. We successfully amplified the goat full length Scd1 cDNA and evaluated its activity in goat ear skin-derived fibroblast cells (GEFCs) by lipid analysis. In addition, we constructed a mammary gland-specific expression vector and confirmed efficient expression of Scd1 in goat mammary epithelial cells (GMECs) by qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Fatty acid analysis showed that Scd1-overexpression resulted in an increase in levels of palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) and oleic acid (18:1n-9), from 1.73 ± 0.02% to 2.54 ± 0.02% and from 27.25 ± 0.13% to 30.37 ± 0.04%, respectively (both p<0.01) and the ratio of MUFA to SFA was increased. This work lays a foundation for the generation of Scd1 transgenic goats.