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Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine

Strong expression of cyclin B2 mRNA correlates with a poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.


PMID 24375198

Abstract

Cyclin family proteins act in association with cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) at cell cycle checkpoints to regulate the eukaryotic cell cycle. CyclinB2 contributes to G2/M transition by activating CDK1 kinase, and cyclin B2 inhibition induces cell cycle arrest. CyclinB2 is overexpressed in various human tumors, though the relationship between cyclin B2 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of lung cancer and patient prognosis is not well understood. In the present study, therefore, we investigated the relationship between cyclin B2 mRNA expression and the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We used semiquantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to assess the expression of cyclin B2 mRNA in tumor samples from 79 patients with NSCLC. We then correlated the cyclin B2 mRNA levels with clinicopathological factors. We also used immunohistochemical staining to determine the localization of expressed cyclin B2. The 5-year overall survival rates among patients with adenocarcinoma of lung expressing lower levels of cyclin B2 mRNA were significantly better than the corresponding rates among patients expressing higher levels (p = 0.004). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses revealed that gender ((hazard ratio (HR), 9.81; p = 0.044)), n2 (HR, 146.26; p ≤ 0.001), and cyclin B2 mRNA high (HR, 7.21; p = 0.021) were independent factors affecting the 5-year overall survival rates. However, there was no significance in the 5-year overall survival rates among the patients with squamous cell carcinoma between expressing lower and higher level of cyclin B2 mRNA. Stronger expression of cyclin B2 mRNA in tumor cells is an independent predictor of a poor prognosis in patients with adenocarcinoma of lung.