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Biochemical pharmacology

The influence of the sesquiterpene lactones from Geigeria on mast cell degranulation.


PMID 2440443

Abstract

The sesquiterpene lactones isolated from Geigeria were found to be incapable of inducing rat peritoneal mast cell degranulation at levels of 0.3-1.6 mM. The sulphydryl reagent, N-ethylmaleimide, too was unable to trigger mast cell secretion. Instead, it was observed that these compounds inhibited the release of histamine induced by Compound 48/80. Pretreatment of the lactones and N-ethylmaleimide with the amino acid, L-cysteine, reduced their inhibition ability of histamine release to a considerable extent, but not completely. Geigerin(V), which lacks an alpha-methylene group and the chemically prepared cysteine-adduct of dihydrogriesenin(I), were also capable of inhibiting mast cell secretion by Compound 48/80, but to a lesser extent.