EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

Uptake of toluene and ethylbenzene by plants: removal of volatile indoor air contaminants.


PMID 24530730

Abstract

Air borne uptake of toluene and ethylbenzene by twelve plant species was examined. Of the twelve plant species examined, the highest toluene removal was found in Sansevieria trifasciata, while the ethylbenzene removal from air was with Chlorophytum comosum. Toluene and ethylbenzene can penetrate the plant׳s cuticle. However, the removal rates do not appear to be correlated with numbers of stomata per plant. It was found that wax of S. trifasciata and Sansevieria hyacinthoides had greater absorption of toluene and ethylbenzene, and it contained high hexadecanoic acid. Hexadecanoic acid might be involved in toluene and ethylbenzene adsorption by cuticles wax of plants. Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis or the potential quantum yield of PSII (Fv/Fm) in toluene exposed plants showed no significant differences between the control and the treated plants, whereas plants exposed to ethylbenzene showed significant differences or those parameters, specifically in Dracaena deremensis (Lemon lime), Dracaena sanderiana, Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, and Cordyline fruticosa. The Fv/Fm ratio can give insight into the ability of plants to tolerate (indoor) air pollution by volatile organic chemicals (VOC). This index can be used for identification of suitable plants for treating/sequestering VOCs in contaminated air.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

03079
Ethylbenzene, analytical standard
C8H10
PHR1229
Ethylbenzene, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
C8H10
E12508
Ethylbenzene, ReagentPlus®, 99%
C8H10
40036
Ethylbenzene solution, certified reference material, 5000 μg/mL in methanol
C8H10
612936
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 5% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 2 %, NMR tube size 3 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
551341
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 5% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 2 %, NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
487112
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.01 %, NMR tube size 3 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
487104
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.01 %, NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
487120
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.01 %, NMR tube size 8 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
612065
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.01 %, NMR tube size 10 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
612480
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.01 %, chromium(III) acetylacetonate 0.1 mg/mL, NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
708046
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 10% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D)
C8H10
708054
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d ("100%", 99.96 atom % D)
C8H10
710725
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 5% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 1 %, NMR tube size 5 mm × 7 in.
C8H10
714917
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.01 %, NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in. , ultra-thin wall
C8H10
717967
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), TMS 0.1 %
C8H10
717959
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D)
C8H10
736198
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 10% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in. , ultra-thin wall
C8H10
733768
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 10% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 10 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
721018
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 5 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
721026
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 0.1% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 3 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
720291
Ethylbenzene solution, NMR reference standard, 10% in chloroform-d (99.8 atom % D), NMR tube size 3 mm × 8 in.
C8H10
CRM48620 Toluene solution, certified reference material, TraceCERT®, 200 μg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL