The journal of trauma and acute care surgery

Interleukin 1β attenuates vascular α1 adrenergic receptors expression following lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemia in rabbits: involvement of JAK2-STAT3 pathway.

PMID 24553546


Studies have shown that interleukin 1β (IL-1β) participates in the down-regulation of vascular reactivity via both nitric oxide-dependent and nitric oxide-independent mechanisms during shock. However, the precise mechanisms of nitric oxide-independent pathway remain to be established. The effect of IL-1β on the expression of α1 adrenergic receptors (α1AR) and the relationship with Janus kinase 2-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2-STAT3) pathway were observed using a rabbit model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxemia and superior mesenteric arteries (SMAs) in vivo and in vitro, respectively. The vascular reactivity of SMAs to α1AR agonist (phenylephrine) displayed a biphasic change after LPS (significantly increased at 0.5 hour following LPS and then markedly decreased after 2 hours), the α1A, α1B and α1DAR messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression seemed a time-dependent decrease following LPS administration, α1A and α1DAR decreased more obviously than α1BAR. IL-1ra (4 µg/mL) partly reversed LPS-induced the decrease of vascular reactivity and down-regulation of α1AR expression. In vitro incubation with IL-1β (12.5-50 ng/mL) significantly decreased the vascular reactivity of SMA to phenylephrine and the expression of α1AR mRNA and protein and elevated the DNA binding ability of STAT3. AG490 (10 µmol/L), an inhibitor of JAK2, partly reversed the IL-1β-induced down-regulation of vascular reactivity and α1AR mRNA and protein expression and suppressed the DNA binding ability of STAT3. IL-1β participates in the regulation of vascular hyporeactivity following endotoxemia in rabbit. The mechanism is related to the down-regulation of α1AR expression through activating the JAK2-STAT3 pathway.