Pharmaceutical research

A model for targeting colon carcinoma cells using single-chain variable fragments anchored on virus-like particles via glycosyl phosphatidylinositol anchor.

PMID 24570130


VLPs displaying tumor targeting single-chain variable fragments (VLP-rscFvs) which targets tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) marker protein have a potential for immunotherapy against colon carcinoma tumors. In this study, scFvs anchored on VLPs using glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) were prepared to target colon carcinoma spheroids in vitro. VLPs-rscFvs were produced by co-injecting two types of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) bacmids, encoding RSV-gag and rscFvs cDNA into silkworm larvae. Large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) of 100xa0nm in diameter were made using 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and packaged with Sulforhodamine B (SRB). LUV-SRB was used to associate with VLP-rscFvs assisted by GP64 present on VLP-rscFvs to produce VLP-rscFv associated SRB (VLP-rscFvs-SRB) at pHxa07.5. The antigenicity of the purified VLPs-rScFvs was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using TAG-72 as antigen. LUV-SRB made of DOPC was used to associate with 100xa0μg of VLP-rscFvs to produce VLP-rscFv-SRB. Specific delivery and penetration of SRB up to 100xa0μm into the spheroids shows the potential of the new model. The current study demonstrated the display, expression and purification of VLP-rscFvs efficiently. As a test model VLP-rscFv-SRB were prepared which can be used for immunotherapy. rscFvs provide the specificity needed to target tumors and VLPs serve as carrier transporting the dye to target.