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Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology

Definitive chemoradiotherapy with capecitabine and cisplatin for elder patients with locally advanced squamous cell esophageal cancer.


PMID 24578238

Abstract

The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or sequential chemoradiotherapy (SCRT) with capecitabine and cisplatin for elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A total of 75 patients elder than 65 years with histologically proven stage II-III ESCC were enrolled, in whom 40 patients were treated with CCRT consisted of two cycles of intravenous cisplatin and oral capecitabine during and after radiotherapy and 35 patients were treated with SCRT as two cycles of capecitabine plus cisplatin before and after radiotherapy. Response rate, overall survival, progression-free survival and toxicity were compared. The overall response rate (CR + PR) in the CCRT group (91.6 %) was significantly higher than that in the SCRT group (67.7 %), P = 0.023. The median PFS and median OS were significantly higher in CCRT group (19.7 and 33.6 months) than those in SCRT group (11.6 and 15.7 months), P < 0.05. The acute toxic effect was more severe in the CCRT group than in the SCRT group, but the grade 3-4 acute toxicities were similar in two groups. It suggested that both CCRT and SCRT with capecitabine and cisplatin are tolerable and effective for elderly patients with locally advanced ESCC. Concurrent CRT might be superior to SCRT.