Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Translational control of anionic trypsinogen and amylase synthesis in rat pancreas in response to caerulein stimulation.

PMID 2457915


Infusion of rats with optimal doses of caerulein for up to 24 hr resulted in divergent changes in protein synthesis in the exocrine pancreas: a 3-fold increase in synthesis of anionic trypsinogen and a 75% decrease in synthesis of amylase. Lipase synthesis showed no change. Rates of total protein synthesis increased 2-fold, while DNA, RNA, and poly(A)+ mRNA concentrations were unchanged during hormonal stimulation. mRNA concentrations for anionic trypsinogen, lipase, and amylase were determined by dot blot hybridization analysis with cDNA and cRNA probes. Despite 12-fold changes in the ratio of synthesis of anionic trypsinogen to amylase at 24 hr of caerulein stimulation, changes in levels of mRNA encoding these two proteins were not observed. The slight decreases observed in amylase mRNA concentrations were found in both hormone and saline-infused animals. In vitro pulse-chase experiments after 12 hr of saline or caerulein infusion indicated that differential turnover of anionic trypsinogen and amylase did not occur during hormone stimulation. These data demonstrate that the differential regulation observed in protein synthesis that results from a single period of hormone stimulation is mediated by differential regulation of mRNA translation. The high degree of conservation observed in the 5' terminal sequences of both amylase and anionic trypsinogen mRNAs between mouse, rat, and dog suggests that sequence-specific mechanisms and secondary structure may play a role in the translational control of these two mRNAs.