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Anti-cancer drugs

A monoclonal antibody targeting neuropilin-1 inhibits adhesion of MCF7 breast cancer cells to fibronectin by suppressing the FAK/p130cas signaling pathway.


PMID 24583771

Abstract

Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a nontyrosine kinase coreceptor for semaphorin 3A and the vascular endothelial growth factor involved in tumor angiogenesis, growth, and metastasis and is regarded as a promising target for cancer therapy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of an anti-NRP-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) that we generated for MCF7 breast cancer cellular adhesion studies. MTT, colony formation, and adhesion assays showed that our anti-NRP-1 mAb dose-dependently inhibited MCF7 proliferation and fibronectin adhesion, leading to a rounded cellular morphology. Further, rhodamine phalloidin stain revealed that fibronectin-dependent formation of actin stress fibers was inhibited by anti-NRP-1 mAb. Immunoprecipitation and western blot showed that anti-NRP-1 mAb treatment inhibited the formation of NRP-1-α5β1 integrin complexes and suppressed the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and p130cas in MCF7 cells. These findings contribute to further understanding the NRP-1 function in cell adhesion and tumor metastasis. Moreover, our anti-NRP-1 mAb is a prospective drug candidate for tumor treatment.