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Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders

Mild cognitive impairment with associated inflammatory and cortisol alterations as independent risk factor for postoperative delirium.


PMID 24603477

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the impact of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on the development of postoperative delirium and, secondly, to assess the association between MCI and raised perioperative cortisol, cytokine, cobalamin and homocysteine levels. The study recruited 113 consecutive adult patients scheduled for cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. The patients were examined preoperatively with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Trail Making Test. A diagnosis of MCI was established based upon the criteria of the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association. Patients were screened for delirium within the first 5 days postoperatively. MCI was diagnosed in 24.8% of the patients, whereas the frequency of delirium was 36%. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that individuals with MCI were at a significantly higher risk of postoperative delirium (OR = 6.33, p = 0.002). Preoperative cortisol, postoperative cortisol and IL-2 plasma levels were higher in the MCI group as compared to non-MCI subjects. MCI is associated with a higher risk of postoperative delirium. Perioperative cortisol and inflammatory alterations observed in MCI may provide a physiological explanation for this increased risk.

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