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International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology

Natronoarchaeum rubrum sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Natronoarchaeum.


PMID 24623820

Abstract

A halophilic archaeal strain, GX48(T), was isolated from the Gangxi marine solar saltern near Weihai city in Shandong Province, China. Cells of the strain were rod-shaped, stained Gram-negative and formed red-pigmented colonies. Strain GX48(T) was able to grow at 25-50 °C (optimum 37 °C), in the presence of 1.4-4.8 M NaCl (optimum 2.6 M NaCl), with 0-1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.05 M MgCl2) and at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). Cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 8 % (w/v). The major polar lipids of the strain were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and two major glycolipids chromatographically identical to those of Natronoarchaeum mannanilyticum YSM-123(T) and Natronoarchaeum philippinense 294-194-5(T). 16S rRNA gene analysis revealed that strain GX48(T) had two dissimilar 16S rRNA genes and both of them were phylogenetically related to those of the two current members of the genus Natronoarchaeum (96.2-98.3 % similarities). The rpoB' gene sequence similarities between strain GX48(T) and Natronoarchaeum mannanilyticum YSM-123(T) and Natronoarchaeum philippinense 294-194-5(T) were 96.0 % and 94.7 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain GX48(T) was 66.2 mol%. Strain GX48(T) showed low DNA-DNA relatedness with the two members of the genus Natronoarchaeum. It was concluded that strain GX48(T) ( = CGMCC 1.10388(T) = JCM 17119(T)) represents a novel species of the genus Natronoarchaeum, for which the name Natronoarchaeum rubrum sp. nov. is proposed. An emended description of the genus Natronoarchaeum is also presented.

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