Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association

Spironolactone and dimethylsulfoxide effect on glucose metabolism and oxidative stress markers in polycystic ovarian syndrome rat model.

PMID 24643692


Because polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, the affected women can present frequently prediabetic states such as impaired fasting glycaemia and/or impaired glucose tolerance. The purpose of our study is to explore the effect of antiandrogenic spironolactone on glucose metabolism and oxidative stress (OS) parameters in oestradiol valerate (OV) induced PCOS rat model.72 female Wistar rats were distributed either to PCOS group (n=65, OV dissolved in sesame oil, 5 mg/0.4 ml), or to non-PCOS control group (n=7, sesame oil, 0.4 ml). After a month, ultrasound was performed to assess the ovarian morphology, and the results of an initial oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were used to identify the animals with altered glucose metabolism (AGM). Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) was evaluated from muscle biopsies, OS parameters were assessed from blood and muscle samples, and ovaries of 3 rats were removed for histopathological examination. Afterwards, the AGM group was divided in a treated PCOS group denoted as Sp+D (per os spironolactone dissolved in DMSO, 2 mg/0.2 ml), and a PCOS control treated with DMSO (0.2 ml). After one month of daily treatment, a final OGTT was performed. GLUT4 and OS parameters were again evaluated and ovaries were removed for histopathological examination.As compared to the values prior to the treatment, Sp+D reversed fasting hyperglycaemia (p<0.001), increased GLUT4 immunoreactivity in the perinuclear compartment (p<0.05) and translocation to plasmalemma (p<0.001) and improved superoxide dismutase (0.001