Digestive diseases and sciences

miR-1303 targets claudin-18 gene to modulate proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells.

PMID 24647998


MicroRNAs have emerged as important gene regulators and are recognized as important molecules in carcinogenesis. However, the effects of microRNA-1303 (miR-1303) on gastric cancer (GC) cells and the upstream regulation of GC-associated claudin-18 gene (CLDN18) remain unclear. miR-1303 may be involved in the tumorigenesis of GC by targeting CLDN18. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of miR-1303 targeting of CLDN18 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human GC cells. The expression of miR-1303 and claudin-18 in GC tissues and gastric cancer cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. CCK8 and colony formation assays were performed to study the influence of miR-1303 on the proliferation of the GC cell lines. Transwell and wound-healing assays were carried out to investigate the effect of miR-1303 on the invasion and migration of GC cell lines. Luciferase reporter assays, restore assays and western blotting were used to demonstrate whether CLDN18 is a direct target of miR-1303. miR-1303 was significantly overexpressed whereas claudin-18 was downregulated in GC tissues and cell lines, which was significantly associated with tumor size, location invasion, histologic type and tumor-node-metastasis stage. Cell proliferation rates were reduced, and cell invasion and migratory ability was significantly restricted in miR-1303 inhibitor-transfected groups. miR-1303 could bind to the putative binding sites in CLDN18 mRNA 3'-UTR and visibly lower the expression of claudin-18. The introduction of claudin-18 without 3'-UTR restored the miR-1303 promoting migration function. Downregulation of miR-1303 can inhibit proliferation, migration and invasion of GC cells by targeting CLDN18.