Molecular and cellular biochemistry

Piperine inhibits type II phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases: a key component in phosphoinositides turnover.

PMID 24671493


Piperine has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. The molecular mechanisms by which it mediates anti-inflammatory activities remain elusive. Type II phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase(s) are key components in FcεRI receptor-mediated signaling leading to inflammatory mediators release in RBL-2H3 cells. The effects of piperine on IgE-mediated signaling and mast cell degranulation were investigated. Pretreatment of RBL-2H3 cells with piperine inhibited IgE-induced activation of type II PtdIns 4-kinase(s). In vitro lipid kinase assays showed piperine-inhibited type II PtdIns 4-kinase activity in a dose-dependent fashion with no effect on PtdIns 3-kinase activity. Concomitantly, pretreatment of RBL-2H3 cells with piperine also inhibited IgE-induced β-hexosaminidase release in RBL-2H3 cells. These results suggest that type II PtdIns 4-kinases are part of piperine-mediated anti-inflammatory signaling mechanisms.