Biotechnology and applied biochemistry

Optimization of pH values to formulate the bireagent kit for serum uric acid assay.

PMID 24673428


A new formulation of the bireagent kit for serum uric acid assay was developed based on the effects of pH on enzyme stability. At 4xa0°C, half-lives of uricases from Bacillus fastidious and Arthrobacter globiforms were longer than 15 months at pH 9.2, but became shorter at pH below 8.0; half-lives of ascorbate oxidase and peroxidase were comparable at pH 6.5 and 7.0, but became much shorter at pH higher than 7.4. In the new formulation of the bireagent kit, Reagent A contained peroxidase, 4-aminoantipyrine, and ascorbate oxidase in 50xa0mM phosphate buffer at pH 6.5; Reagent B contained B. fastidious or A. globiforms uricase in 50xa0mM sodium borate buffer at pH 9.2; Reagents A and B were mixed at 4:1 to produce a final pH from 7.2 to 7.6 for developing a stable color. The new bireagent kit consumed smaller quantities of three enzymes for the same shelf life. With the new bireagent kit, there were linear responses of absorbance at 546xa0nm to uric acid up to 34xa0mM in reaction mixtures and a good correlation of uric acid levels in clinical sera with those by a commercial kit, but stronger resistance to ascorbate. Therefore, the new formulation was advantageous.