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American journal of obstetrics and gynecology

Bedside assessment of amniotic fluid interleukin-6 in preterm prelabor rupture of membranes.


PMID 24705131

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the diagnostic indices and predictive values by bedside assessment of amniotic fluid interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration in the identification of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and/or histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) in patients with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. One hundred twenty-four women with singleton pregnancies were included in this study. The amniotic fluid was sampled by transabdominal amniocentesis at the time of admission. IL-6 concentrations were assessed with an immunoassay. The presence of MIAC, HCA, or the coexistence of both was associated with higher amniotic fluid concentrations of IL-6 in both a crude and adjusted analysis. The amniotic fluid concentration of IL-6 ofxa01000 pg/mL was determined to be the best cutoff value for the prediction of MIAC (sensitivity of 50%, specificity of 95%, positive predictive value of 82%, negative predictive value of 81%, and likelihood ratio of 8.4) or both MIAC and HCA (sensitivity of 60%, specificity of 94%, positive predictive value of 75%, negative predictive value of 88%, and likelihood ratio of 9.4). The bedside assessment of amniotic fluid IL-6 seems to be an easy, rapid, and inexpensive method for the prediction of MIAC or both MIAC and HCA in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes.