Journal of virology

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-encoded LANA interacts with host KAP1 to facilitate establishment of viral latency.

PMID 24741090


Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) typically displays two different phases in its life cycle, the default latent phase and the lytic phase. There is a short period of lytic gene expression in the early stage of KSHV primary infection. The factors involved in the shutdown process of lytic gene expression are poorly identified. It has been shown that the latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) encoded by KSHV plays an important role in the establishment of viral latency. In screening, we identified a host protein, Krüppel-associated box domain-associated protein 1 (KAP1), that bound to LANA. We validated the interaction between LANA and KAP1 in vivo and in vitro, as well as their colocalization in the nucleus. We mapped out that LANA interacted with both the N- and C-terminal domains of KAP1. Based on the interface of LANA-KAP1 interaction determined, we proved that LANA recruited KAP1 to the RTA promoter region of the KSHV genome. We revealed that KAP1 was involved in transcriptional repression by LANA. We found multiple cooccupation sites of LANA and KAP1 on the whole KSHV genome by chromatin immunoprecipitation for sequencing (ChIP-seq) and demonstrated that LANA-recruited KAP1 played a critical role in the shutdown of lytic gene expression during the early stage of KSHV primary infection. Taken together, our data suggest that LANA interacts with KAP1 and represses lytic gene expression to facilitate the establishment of KSHV latency. Our study revealed the mechanism of transcriptional repression by LANA during KSHV primary infection, providing new insights into the process of KSHV latency establishment.