EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Analytical biochemistry

Real-time single-molecule observations of T7 Exonuclease activity in a microflow channel.


PMID 24751469

Abstract

T7 Exonuclease (T7 Exo) DNA digestion reactions were studied using direct single-molecule observations in microflow channels. DNA digestion reactions were directly observed by staining template DNA double-stranded regions with SYTOX Orange and staining single-stranded (digested) regions with a fluorescently labeled ssDNA-recognizing peptide (ssBP-488). Sequentially acquired photographs demonstrated that a double-stranded region monotonously shortened as a single-stranded region monotonously increased from the free end during a DNA digestion reaction. Furthermore, DNA digestion reactions were directly observed both under pulse-chase conditions and under continuous buffer flow conditions with T7 Exo. Under pulse-chase conditions, the double-stranded regions of λDNA monotonously shortened by a DNA digestion reaction with a single T7 Exo molecule, with an estimated average DNA digestion rate of 5.7 bases/s and a processivity of 6692 bases. Under continuous buffer flow conditions with T7 Exo, some pauses were observed during a DNA digestion reaction and double-stranded regions shortened linearly except during these pauses. The average DNA digestion rate was estimated to be 5.3 bases/s with a processivity of 5072 bases. Thus, the use of our direct single-molecule observations using a fluorescently labeled ssDNA-recognizing peptide (ssBP-488) was an effective analytic method for investigating DNA metabolic processes.