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Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

[Inflammatory osteoarthritis of the hands - challenges in diagnosis and therapy].


PMID 24760695

Abstract

Symptomatic osteoarthritis of the hand occurs in 5-20 % of the population ≥ 40 years. The diagnosis is made based on the clinical appearance, e. g. bony enlargements of small finger joints, pain and short morning stiffness. Laboratory or X-ray examinates can however be useful to exclude other rheumatic diseases. Non-pharmacological therapy options include patient education, physio- and occupational therapeutic exercise to strengthen the muscles and mobilisation. Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) or capsaicin can be effective for mild to intermediate pain. Systemic therapeutics are paracetamol, NSAID or coxibs. Innovative therapy options are currently under investigation in clinical trials.