Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology

Prognostic value of vascular endothelial growth factors A and C in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

PMID 24762199


Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family members play a major role in angiogenesis and vascularization. VEGF-A promotes tumor angiogenesis by stimulating the growth of tumor vascular endothelial cells. In addition, VEGF-C has been identified as a potent inducer of lymphangiogenesis in tumor and lymph node metastasis. Previous studies have investigated the association between clinicopathological factors and the expression of VEGF-A and VEGF-C in oral squamous cell carcinoma cancer (OSCC), but the results are contradictory. In this study, we investigated the relationship between VEGF-A and VEGF-C expression and OSCC clinicopathological factors and prognosis. Expression of VEGF-A and VEGF-C was evaluated in surgical specimens from 61 patients with OSCC and three human oral cancer cell lines (OSC-19, OSC-20 and HOC313) by immunohistochemical staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. We also determined the relationship between the 5-year survival rate and clinicopathological factors, such as TNM classification (Union for International Cancer Control, UICC), lymph node metastasis, recurrence, histological differentiation, location, and mode of invasion. VEGF-A expression correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis. VEGF-C expression was associated with lymph node metastasis, recurrence, and a poorer 5-year survival rate. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that VEGF-C is an independent prognostic factor for patients with OSCC. VEGF-C expression was significantly up-regulated in HOC313 cells compared to OSC-19 and OSC-20 cells. These results indicate that VEGF-C may be a predictive factor for OSCC outcome, lymph node metastasis, and recurrence. Moreover, VEGF-C may be an important factor in the development of new therapies for OSCC patients.

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